Autism Spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complicated disorder that involves problems with communication and behavior. The symptoms of Autism could consist of an assortment of indicators and skills. ASD is a disability that needs full-time care in a special facility. More and more children are being diagnosed with Autism now than ever before

Autism patients will have difficulty communicating with others or may have trouble understanding other people's feelings and thoughts. Due to this, it becomes harder for them to express themselves through gestures or words, facial expressions, and touch. They will have problems with learning too.

Their skills might develop erratically. For instance, they could have trouble communicating but at the same time may be remarkably good at music, math, art, or memory. As a result, they might do exceptionally well in analysis tests or problem-solving.

What are the standard features of Autism?

  • An Autism affected child will be unable to make eye contact with others.
  • Their areas of interest will be limited to specific intense topics.
  • They love to do something over and over again, such as repeating words or phrases, rocking back and forth, or flipping a device.
  • Autism children will suffer from increased sensitivity to sounds, touches, smells, or sights that would otherwise seem normal to other people.
  • They would avoid looking at or listening to other people.
  • They would have trouble following specific instructions.
  • They hate to be held or cuddled.
  • They would have a problem understanding or using speech, gestures, facial expressions, or tone of voice.
  • An autism-affected child would talk in a sing-song, flat, or robotic voice.
  • They would have difficulty adjusting to sudden changes in routine.
  • Some children with Autism may also suffer from seizures. These might not start until adolescence.

What are the different types of Autism Spectrum Disorders?

  • Asperger's syndrome:Children suffering from this disorder have social problems and a narrow range of interests. They don't experience any issues with communication and tend to perform very well in the intelligence tests.
  • Autistic disorder:These disorders affect children younger than three years, and they will have difficulty with social interactions, communication, and playing. 
  • Childhood disintegrative disorder:These children have normal development for at least two years and begin to lose a few or most of their communication and social skills.

What is the treatment for Autism?

There's no cure as such for Autism. But an early diagnosis and treatment can make a significant transformation in the development of a child with Autism. If you think your child displays any signs of ASD, consult a doctor at the earliest. The two main categories of treatment include:

  • Behavioral and communication therapy: This therapy can help with structure and organization. Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is an example of one such therapy; it encourages constructive behavior and reduces negative behavior. Occupational therapy can help impart life skills for the daily functioning of life. Sensory integration therapy may be useful for someone who has issues with being touched or with sights or sounds. Speech therapy develops communication skills.
  • Medicines: There are medications available to help with symptoms of ASD, like attention problems, hyperactivity, or anxiety.

Call San Pedro at (310) 832-6487 or schedule an online appointment to know more about Autism.


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